Root canal treatment aims to clean, shape and fill the root canal of a tooth. To meet your individual needs, your care may differ slightly from what is described here. However our treatment co-ordinator always discusses your upcoming treatment with you.
About Root Canal Treatment
Your teeth have a core of blood vessels and nerves at their centre; this is known as the pulp. The number of root canals a tooth has varies. Generally your back teeth have 2-3 canals, whereas your front teeth often have just one canal.
A root canal treatment is required when your tooth’s pulp becomes damaged. The blood vessels die, this results in a tooth which is ‘dead’. Teeth that are ‘dead’ are more likely to get infected because they are no longer protected by your immune system.
There are a number of ways that your tooth’s pulp can be damaged. These include:
- Gum disease
Without treatment, a collection of pus can form at the tip of your root, this is known as an abscess. This can lead to pain and swelling. If a tooth is then left, the abscess will keep reoccurring and the chances of a root treatment being successful are lessened.
The aim of root canal treatment is to remove the damaged pulp and the bacteria that are causing the infection. It involves removing the inflamed or dead nerves from the centre of your tooth.